Batumi is the second largest city of Georgia, located on the coast of the Black Sea in the country’s southwest. Situated in a subtropical zone near the foot of the Lesser Caucasus Mountains, Batumi is a popular tourist destination known for its varying weather–it is a bustling seaside resort during warm seasons, but can get entirely covered in snow during winter. Much of Batumi’s economy revolves around tourism and gambling, but the city is also an important sea port and includes industries like shipbuilding, food processing and light manufacturing. Since 2010, Batumi has been transformed by the construction of modern high-rise buildings, as well as the restoration of classical 19th-century edifices lining its historic Old Town.
Batumi today is one of the main port cities of Georgia. It has the capacity for 80,000-tonne tankers to take materials such as oil that are shipped through Georgia from Central Asia. Additionally, the city exports regional agricultural products. Since 1995 the freight conversion of the port has constantly risen, with an approximate 8 million tonnes in 2001. The annual revenue from the port is estimated at between $200 million and $300 million.
Since the change of power in Adjara, Batumi has attracted international investors, and the prices of real estate in the city have trebled since 2001. In July 2007, the seat of the Constitutional Court of Georgia was moved from Tbilisi to Batumi to stimulate regional development. Several new hotels opened after 2009, first the Sheraton in 2010 and the Radisson Blu in 2011.
Batumi was host to the Russian 12th Military Base. Following the Rose Revolution, the central government pushed for the removal of these forces and reached agreement in 2005 with Moscow. According to the agreement, the process of withdrawal was planned to be completed in 2008, but the Russians completed the transfer of the Batumi base to Georgia on November 13, 2007, ahead of schedule
Batumi Botanical Garden is a 108 hectare area of land 9 km north of the city of Batumi, capital of Autonomous Republic of Adjara, Georgia. Located at the place called Mtsvane Kontskhi (“The Green Cape”) on the Black Sea shore, it is one of the largest botanical gardens in the former Soviet Union.
The Batumi Botanical Garden was started by the Russian botanist Andrey Nikolayevich Krasnov (1862-1914), brother of General Pyotr Krasnov, in the 1880s and officially opened on November 3, 1912. He was aided by two skilled gardeners and decorators – the French D’Alphonse and the Georgian Yason Gordeziani. Krasnov died in 1914 and was interred at the garden which still houses his grave and statue.Under the Soviet Union, the garden was further expanded and developed, since 1925, into a principal institution for the study of Caucasian maritime subtropical cultures.
Currently, the garden consists of nine floristic sectors, those of Caucasian humid subtropics, East Asia, New Zealand, South America, the Himalayas, Mexico, Australia, and of the Mediterranean. The garden collection comprises 2037 taxonomic units of woody plants, including 104 of Caucasian origin. The Batumi Botanical Garden had formerly been operated by the Georgian Academy of Sciences. Since 2006, it is an independent institution.
Batumi Boulevard-Probably the oldest attraction in Batumi, construction of the boulevard began in 1881, when the Governor of the Batumi District assigned the German gardener, Reseller, to create a park alongside the sea shore of Batumi Old Town. Nowadays, Batumi Boulevard has reached a length of around 7 kilometers and is approximately divided into ‘new’ and ‘old’ boulevards. The original and beautiful park is still here, with the addition of modern sculptures, benches and fountains. During the height of the summer season the seashore is busy with cafés, restaurants, beach bars and clubs. In the off-season it’s simply a beautiful sea-side boulevard. Stroll along at any time of the day, a quiet morning or hot afternoon, but you must come here just before sunset. Seeing the sun sink into the sea is sublime and unforgettable.
6 May Park-In 1881, the construction of the first public garden began in Batumi under the supervision of the Prussian gardener and architect Ressler. After Ressler’s passing, D’Alphonse, a French gardener, continued the project. In 1888, the Russian emperor Alexander III visited Batumi. Fascinated by the garden, he planted several trees in the park together with his family members. In honor of his contributions, the park was named “Alexander’s Garden”. However, at the time, the park’s name was changed periodically. Today it is called “May 6 Park”. The park has several educational and recreational offerings: a dolphinarium, an aquarium and a zoological corner, as well as numerous children’s attractions. The park also has a unique sundial. Visitors can enjoy the park’s decorative stone fountain and boat tour offering. The beautiful Nurigeli Lake is located in the middle of the park.
Ali and Nino is a novel about a romance between a Muslim Azerbaijani boy and Christian Georgian girl in Baku in the years 1918-1920. It explores the dilemmas created by “European” rule over an “Oriental” society and presents a tableau portrait of Azerbaijan’s capital, Baku. Georgia’s famous monument of Ali and Nino was named among the most romantic monuments in the world. The website geomigrant.com has published the list of 10 monuments. Along with statue of Romeo and Juliet, the Wall of Love and others.
Tamar Kvesitadze’s statue was erected in Georgian coastal city of Batumi in 2011. Its height is 8 meters. The monument represents figures of a man and a woman moving in circles for about 8-10 minutes and eventually passing through each other, forming one whole body for several second. The monument was inspired by a novel called Ali and Nino, written by Azerbaijani author, Kurban Said. It tells the story of an Azeri youth who falls in love with a Georgian woman but dies defending his country from invading Russian army. The statue traveled to Venice and London before finding its permanent place in Batumi.
Alphabetic Tower is a 130-meter-high structure in Batumi, Georgia. The tower symbolizes the uniqueness of Georgian alphabet and people. The structure combines the design of DNA, in its familiar double helix pattern. Two helix bands rise up the tower holding 33 letters of the Georgian alphabet, each 4 meters tall and made of aluminum. In the middle of the building is an exposed elevator shaft leading to very the top of the building, in the crown of the structure, where a colossal silver ball is located.
The tower is composed by eleven modules of cantilever truss of steel tubes which make up two bodies, the interior containing the communication core panoramic elevators and stairs, the exterior designed for support the whole structure and define the skin with the big characters. Each 10.8 m. both cores are bonded by diaphragms in star pattern. At the top stands a glass sphere made by triangle elements fixed over steel profiles and sealed. The sphere consists of hollow circular section structure. This light space hosts several rooms, distributed on different floors within the sphere.
The first floor is called Transfer floor, it can be reached thru the two main panoramic lifts. From the transfer floor you may reach other lifts which serve the other floors.
The second floor hosts a TV studio, next to the kitchen and the restaurant which is on the third floor, designed like a revolving ring. This ring, which goes around 360 degrees an hour offers visitors a panoramic view of the city and the Black sea while they are enjoying their meal. The fourth floor has been conceived as an observatory deck, to enjoy the unique views from the Alphabetic Tower. This floor leads to the fifth one, which is designed to allow visitors see how tuned mass damper works. Tuned mass damper is a fifty-ton device mounted in structures to reduce the amplitude of mechanical vibrations.
Argo Cable Car-Entertaining center Argo is located on Anuria Mountain, 250 meters high from the sea level. The complex offers spectacular views of Batumi, the Black Sea and the surrounding mountains. The center comprises restaurants, cafes, retail shops, open air halls, podium and roof terraces as well. The building is designed using Argo symbols, the ship by which mythical Jason and Argonauts sailed to Kolchida. Entertaining center also includes the cable car as the main connecting line with the town.
Visitors use the telfer to reach the Argo which makes their journey joyful and exiting, giving them the chance to get pleasure from unique panoramic views of the town and enjoy the trip. Entertaining center and cable car Argo have already become one of the most visited tourist attractions of the region.
Astronomical Clock-Reminiscent of the historic examples in Prague and Venice, Batumi has recently acquired its own astronomic clock, installed on the tower of the former building of the National Bank of Georgia. A melodically chime indicates the full hour, a single ring the half-hour. Apart from the time of day, the clock also shows astronomical information – the placement of the sun and the moon, the moon phase, the meridian and the horizon.